Find out everything about osteoarthritis, from its onset to how to treat the disease to forget about joint pain
What is Osteoarthritis?
If at any time you have experienced pain in your joints when doing any activity physical, which you previously performed without any problem, or if your knees have hurt when going up or down ladders.
Bending over results in pain in your lower back or what we call the waist. The changes in temperature cause your joints such as knees, hands, elbows, ankles present pain, it is important to know if you suffer from Osteoarthritis, or known by other names such as osteoarthritis, cartilage wear, joint wear, and the most common of them, Rheumatism.
But what is it and why does it happen?
It is a rheumatic disease, the most frequent in the world, and the second cause of disability occupational physics.
To start we must know what are the joints? Joints are the components of the skeleton that allow us movement and, therefore, our functional autonomy. Is it so formed by the union of two bones through the joint capsule.
Inside them there is, generally, a fluid called synovial fluid that is produced by the membrane synovial. The bony ends that come together to form the joint are covered by the JOINT CARTILAGE.
When this articular cartilage is injured, pain occurs during or after movement and functional disability. Osteoarthritis is usually located in the cervical and lumbar spine, some joints of the shoulder and fingers of the hands, hip, knee and other less common as elbows.
The symptoms of osteoarthritis are progressive and prolonged over time. In a first stage appears pain associated with movement and effort to which the joint is subjected, although in this first phase pain ceases with rest.
In a second stage, the worsening of osteoarthritis causes pain to appear after rest and exercise, so the discomfort is more continuous and practically constant.
Another characteristic symptom of the disease is disability progressive joint function, eventually leading to loss of mobility.
With the evolution of the disease, deformations of the bones and contractures can occur muscles that aggravate pain, as well as atrophy of the muscles that surround the joints.
Factors that cause and aggravate your Osteoarthritis
- Age. Wear and tear on the joints increase as we age and therefore, greater use is made of them.
- Obesity. Increasing body weight is an important factor in the development of osteoarthritis, especially in the lumbar spine, hips and knees. The greater the weight, the greater the overload of these structures and increased wear.
- Injury or overuse. Athletes and people with jobs that require movement repetitive, have a higher risk of developing osteoarthritis. This is what happens to professional’s soccer players with knee osteoarthritis, or jackhammer handlers, osteoarthritis of the elbow and wrist.
- Genetics. It plays a role in the development of osteoarthritis, especially in the hands, where the mechanical overload is not as evident as in other structures such as the knees. This is manifests in many ways.
- Hereditary disorders affect the shape or stability of joints and can lead to the development of osteoarthritis. Thus, people with hoop knees or in parentheses, they are more likely to develop knee osteoarthritis, due to the distribution abnormal load on the joint.
- Physical activity. If it is of high impact, repetitive load, or repetitive movements, it will accelerate the joint damage process.
As cartilage wears down, they present different phases or stages of damage evolution. In an initial stage, the various activities that we carry out throughout our lives, provoke a damage, initially silent on our cartilage, that does not present symptoms or discomfort and it usually happens at ages under 35.
But as we move forward in time, and we continue with work, sports and recreational activities that involve progressive joint wear, we damage our cartilage, and with it, the repair process is ineffective.
In fact, the bone tries compensating for this damage, building around the joint, bone growths such as shells, which in the long term only make this problem worse by reducing space even more joint of our knees, hands, spine and hips.
Treatment What to do?
- Avoid being overweight. In the case of suffering from osteoarthritis in load-bearing joints (knee, hip, lumbar region…). Sometimes weight loss, no matter how little, is enough to improve the pain associated with osteoarthritis.
- Do not perform repetitive movements or overuse the compromised joints. An example could be avoiding stairs whenever possible in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee.
- Correct postural hygiene. For example, adapting the chair in the workplace to preserve the anatomy of the lumbar region or avoid standing for a long time if there is osteoarthritis in the limbs lower.
- Physical exercise. This should be individualized for each patient and should be done on a regular basis. Swimming is, for example, a good sport for patients with lumbar, hip or knee osteoarthritis. Good physical therapy can reduce pain and improve joint stiffness.
More Motion years that guarantee our effectiveness as the most complete treatment on the market, solve your osteoarthritis problem from the root, since our formula has all the recommended substances to improve the structure of your joints such as glucosamine, chondroitin, MSM, grenetin, collagen, vitamin C and tricalcium phosphate; all of them oriented to nourish, harden, strengthen your joint cartilage, thus recovering mobility and quality of life, without joint pain.