What is Osteoarthritis?
If at any time you have experienced pain in your joints when doing any physical activity, that you used to do without any problem, or if your knees hurt when going up or down stairs.
Bending over results in pain in your lower back or what we call waist; the changes of temperature cause your joints such as knees, hands, elbows, ankles to present pain, it is important to know if you suffer from Osteoarthritis. Or known by other names such as Osteoarthrosis, cartilage wear, joint wear, and the most common of them, Rheumatism.
But what is it and why does it happen?
It is a rheumatic pathology, the most frequent in the world, and the second cause of physical disability at work in the world.
To start we must know what are the joints? Joints are the components of the skeleton that allow us movement and, therefore, our functional autonomy.
They are formed by the union of two bones through the joint capsule. Inside them there is, generally, a fluid called Synovial fluid that is produced by the synovium. The bone ends that join to form the joint are covered by the JOINT CARTILAGE.
When this joint cartilage is injured, pain occurs during or after movement and functional disability. Osteoarthritis is usually located in the cervical and lumbar spine, some joints of the shoulder, finger, hip, knee, and less common as elbows.
The symptoms of osteoarthritis are progressive and prolonged over time. In a first stage appears the pain associated with movement and effort to which the joint is subjected, although in this first phase pain ceases with rest.
In a second stage, the worsening of osteoarthritis makes that pain appears after rest and exercise, so the discomfort is more continuous and practically constant. Another characteristic symptom of the disease is progressive disability of joint function, eventually leading to loss of mobility.
With the evolution of the disease, deformations of the bones and contractures can occur muscles that aggravate pain, as well as atrophy of the muscles that surround the joints.
Factors that cause and aggravate your Osteoarthritis
Age. Wear and tear on the joints increase as you age and therefore makes more use of them.
Obesity. Increasing body weight is an important factor in the development of osteoarthritis, especially in the lumbar spine, hips and knees. The greater the weight, the greater the overload of these structures and increased wear.
Injury or overuse. Athletes and people with jobs that require movement repetitive, have a higher risk of developing osteoarthritis. This is what happens to professionals in the football with knee osteoarthritis, or pneumatic hammer handlers, knee osteoarthritis elbow and wrist.
Genetics. It plays a role in the development of osteoarthritis, especially in the hands, where the mechanical overload is not as evident as in other structures such as the knees. This is manifests in many ways.
Hereditary disorders affect the shape or stability of the joints and can lead to the development of osteoarthritis. Thus, people with knees in hoops or in parentheses, are more likely to develop knee osteoarthritis, due to the abnormal distribution of the load on the joint.
Physical activity. If it is of high impact, repetitive load, or repetitive movements, it will accelerate the joint damage process.
As cartilage wears down, they present different phases or stages of damage evolution. In an initial stage, the various activities that we carry out throughout our lives, cause a damage. Initially silent on our cartilage, that does not present symptoms or discomfort and it usually happens at ages younger than 35 years.
But as we move forward in time, and we continue with work, sports and recreational activities that involve progressive joint wear, we damage our cartilage, and with it, the repair process is ineffective.
In fact, the bone tries to compensate this damage, building around the joint, bone growths like shells, which to long-term only make this problem worse by further reducing the joint space of our knees, hands, spine and hips.
Treatment. What to do?
Avoid being overweight. In the case of suffering from osteoarthritis in load bearing joints (knee, hip, lumbar region…). Sometimes weight loss, however little it may be, is enough to improve the pain associated with osteoarthritis.
Do not perform repetitive movements or overuse the joints committed. An example could be avoiding stairs whenever possible in patients with knee osteoarthritis.
Correct postural hygiene. For example, adapting the chair in the workplace to preserve the anatomy of the lumbar region or avoid standing for a long time if there is osteoarthritis in the limbs lower.
Physical exercise. This should be individualized for each patient and should be done on a regular basis. Swimming is, for example, a good sport for patients with lumbar, hip or knee osteoarthritis. knee. Good physical therapy can reduce pain and improve joint stiffness.
More Motion. With years that guarantee our effectiveness as the most complete treatment on the market, improvement your osteoarthritis problem from the root, since our formula has all the substances recommended to improve the structure of your cartilage such as glucosamine, chondroitin, MSM, grenetin, collagen, vitamin C and tricalcium phosphate; all of them oriented to nourish, harden, strengthen your joint cartilage, thus recovering mobility and quality of life, without joint pain.